Friday, September 25, 2009

Talking Sense About Invasion Biology - Are Herbicides Really Necessary to Save Alaska from Immigrant Plants?

Immigrant species aren't all bad - opinion - 25 September 2009 - New Scientist

Today's opinion piece online at New Scientist is an important critique of the "science" that is relied upon to support the herbiciding of every plant that is expanding its range in this time of global climate change. As Professor Davis, author of Invasion Biology, concludes

It is crucial that we distinguish harm from mere change so that we can spend scarce human and economic capital wisely.

Davis is quite clear that immigrant species have sometimes caused harm in their new homes, however he notes that that result is the exception rather than the rule. Here in southcentral Alaska, where the spruce/birch complex of "invasive" species have moved in to revegetate the moraines left behind by retreating glaciers over the last few thousand years, it is especially clear that change is natural and even desirable at times.

According to a review of Professor Davis's book Invasion Biology , first published in April,

"Davis writes well, and clearly. But his big contribution is to the skeptical re-examination of the field as a whole. This book will not kill it off. But if, over time, invasion biology were to become absorbed into broader ecological fields...future historians of science might see Invasion Biology as the beginning of the end."--Nature

Invasion Biology
is available at: Invasion Biology (Oxford Biology) (9780199218752): Mark A. Davis: Books

At the present time the Chugach National Forest, Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge, and Denali National Park are gearing up to start spraying herbicides to save Alaska from "invasive" plants such as dandelion, orange hawkweed, and butter-and-eggs. In addition the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation is in the process of considering a railroad application to spray endocrine-disrupting herbicides on 90 miles of track between Seward and Indian.

Alaska is the only state that has a 25-year record of avoiding virtually all use of herbicides on our public lands and rights-of-way. Alaska is also the only state whose salmon runs and wildlife populations are relatively healthy. Alaskans need to take a hard look at those agencies whose solution to vegetation management problems is based in the herbiciding of Alaska.

Friday, September 18, 2009

Endocrine Disruptor Pesticides Linked to Widespread Occurrence of "Intersex" Fish- So Far Yukon River Fish Not Affected

Widespread Occurrence Of Intersex Bass Found In U.S. Rivers

This week the United States Geological Survey released the most extensive study to date of the occurrence of "intersex" fish in U.S. waters. Alaska's Yukon River was the only studied river where no intersex fish were found. While few will be surprised that Alaska's great river is still pure enough to avoid some of the ills found in the lower 48, what is shocking is the extent of the problem discovered. At the Pee Dee River in South Carolina, one test site revealed that 91% of the bass were intersex, i.e. males had eggs in the testes or females exhibited male organ development.

It is ominous that this documentation emerges just as the Alaska Railroad is seeking a permit to spray a herbicide that has been shown to disrupt endocrine systems along 90 miles of track from Seward to Indian. It is also a poorly kept secret that the Alaska state highway department is gearing up to start herbicide use if the railroad can set a precedent.

Alaska former Governor Jay Hammond stopped herbicide use by state agencies in 1978. The emerging studies prove how far-sighted our bush-rat governor was. So far Sean Parnell has kept mum, at least in public, as to whether he will sit back and let the state entities start poisoning our streams and rivers with endocrine disrupting herbicides.

Sunday, September 13, 2009

Alaska Railroad to Dump Track Workers & Replace Them With Herbicides

Alaska Railroad plans significant layoffs: Alaska News |

Comments are due September 15 on the Alaska Railroad's application to the Department of Environmental Conservation seeking approval for spraying herbicides on 90 miles of track from Seward to Indian. If approved this will be the first such widespread application of herbicides in Alaska in the last 25 years. Endangered Cook Inlet Beluga whales, salmon, and human residents will face continuing exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals if the railroad is allowed to proceed. Alternatives that have worked in the past to control vegetation without herbicides include spreading clean ballast on the track bed and using prisoners to clear brush along the ballast.